The CESD-10 in this research had a Cronbachs a of 0.84
The CESD-10 in this research had a Cronbachs a of 0.84. FCGs fatigue FCGs fatigue was conceptualized as mental fatigue and physical fatigue. Mental fatigue was assessed by the 16- item Chinese Attentional Function Index (AFI) (Chiu, 2002), which was designed by Cimprich (1990) to measure purposeful activities crucial for effective functioning in daily life. Items are rated on an 11-point scale (0 ¬ not at all, 10 ¬ all the time). Scores range from 0 to 160; higher scores indicate a higher level of functioning. The Chinese AFI had a three-factor solution based on principal component analysis with varimax rotation, explaining 50.1% of scale variance. The AFI had acceptable construct validities with the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (Teng et al., 1994) and the Digit Span Forward and Backward (Lezak, 1995) of r ¬ 0.36 and 0.33 (p < 0.001), respectively (Chiu, 2002). In this study, the AFI had a Cronbachs a of 0.83. Physical fatigue was measured by the 18-item Visual Analogue for Fatigue Scale (VAS-F) Chinese version (Lee, Hicks, & Nino-Murcia, 1991; Lee, Lee, Rankin, Weiss, & Alkon, 2007). The self-rated VAS-F has two parts: vitality (13 items) and energy (5 items), with responses rated on an 11-point scale from 0 (not fatigued) to 10 (extremely fatigued). The Chinese VAS-F in this study had a two-factor solution (fatigue factor and energy factor), explaining 68.63% of the variance and Cronbachs a of 0.94. Since the original scale treated fatigue and energy as two different concepts, this study only used the fatigue subscale. FCGs sleep disturbance FCGs sleep disturbance was measured by the 28-item Chinese General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS), with 94 Y.-C. Chiu et al. satisfactory internal consistency reliability (Cronbachs a ¬ 0.81) (Lee, 1992, 2007). The GSDS was developed to measure sleep disturbance in FCGs of newborn infants after discharge from the intensive care unit care.
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