Construct a table summarizing the four most credible and recent studies, using the Research Summary template on the next page (also found in Doc Sharing). Analyze each article and provide the following information in brief format: purpose of the study; type of sample and number of participants; design of the study, along with the level of evidence; findings of the study; and limitations of the study.

Nur505 Assignment
Research Summary Table
Student Name: __Terance Chi___
Author (year) Purpose Sample/Number of Participants (provide descriptive statistics) Design Level of Evidence Findings (provide any inferential statistics) Limitations
Krepper et al. 2012 Evaluation of a standardized hourly rounding process Convenience sample Two 32-bed cardiovascular units surgery nursing units Quasi-experimental III-Evidence obtained from well-design controlled sample without randomization No significant difference in number of falls between the control group and the experimental group. The study however the study noted an increase in number of call lights (9% on for the control group and 3% on the experimental group The difference in Patient co morbidities was not taken into consideration.
Falls are not frequent therefore it was not possible to confirm the relationship between hourly rounding and falls.
Olrich et al. (2012) Determine the effect of hourly rounding on fall rate, call light usage, and patient satisfaction All patient discharge from 2 medical surgical units within a period of one year (N=4418)-convenience sample Quasi-experimental on 2 med/surg units which both served as control group control (data collected prior to implementing Hourly rounding) and experimental group III-Evidence obtained from well-designed controlled sample without randomization Result yielded a decrease in fall rate 3.37/1000 to 2.6/1000.
Call light Call light usage and patient satisfaction did not improve Small sample size and no randomization. The experimental group had a patient that was suffering from delirium who hit the call light 187 times and did not need anything. This impacted the call light data during 2 weeks of the intervention
Saleh et al. (2011) The effects of nursing rounds on patient call light use, bed sores, fall, and satisfaction level 104 male patients from a stroke unit-convenience sample Quasi-experimental nonequivalent groups III-Evidence obtained from well-designed controlled sample without randomization Fall incidence was reduced to 4 vs 25 (pre-intervention) with p< 0.01. Pressure ulcer decreased from 2 to 1, and patient satisfaction increased by 7.5% (p>0.05)
Sample is small, no randomization
Patterson (2012) Hourly rounding effectiveness on a high-dependency (HDU) 41 charts of patients from a HDU-convenience sample Pilot study with chart audit and comparison 4.5 weeks before trial, 2 weeks trial, and 8.5 weeks post trial IV-evidence is obtained by comparing two groups, however, no statistical analysis reported no event of patient harm noted during the 2 weeks trial period compared to 2 events pre-intervention and 3 events post intervention Small sample size. Intervention period was only 2 weeks compared to pre-intervention period 4.5 weeks) and post-trial period (8.5 weeks)
Summary
Patient safety is a top priority to all members of the healthcare team. As a team member, nurses are responsible for carrying out interventions that aim to ultimately do no further harm and protect the safety of our patients within our care. One of the foremost concerns for nursing practice is the risk of patient falls. One of the recent practices that have been stipulated to prevent patient falls in the hospital is hourly rounding. In this paper, we will be analyzing and synthesizing 4 research studies that answer the following questions:
How does hourly rounding compared to no hourly rounding impact patient safety (fall) in an acute care setting?
Of the 4 four articles identified, 3 were quasi-experimental designs (Krepper et al., 2012, Olrich et al., 2012 and Saleh et al., 2011). Findings from the studies were drawn by comparing data from one group that was used as the control group (pre-trial) and as the experimental group. The fourth article (Patterson, 2011) was a pilot study that examine the effectiveness of “hourly rounding” on a high dependency unit (HDU). The researcher collected data pre, intra, and post intervention and

Research Summary Table
Guidelines with Scoring Rubric
Purpose
The purpose of this assignment is for the student to learn to assimilate, analyze, critique, and summarize original research articles. In other words, select a report of a single, original study.
Course Outcomes
Through this assignment, the student will demonstrate the ability to:
(CO 2) Formulate and analyze nursing/clinical problems related to nursing and other disciplines. (PO 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10)

(CO 3) Synthesize for dissemination the research findings from nursing and related disciplines. (PO 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11)

Due Date: Sunday 11:59 p.m. MT at the end of Week 3
Total Points Possible: 165 Points
Requirements
Through this assignment, the student will
1. Conduct a systematic search of relevant databases to find research-based evidence related to a nursing problem (CO 2);
2. Construct a summary table of four peer-reviewed quantitative single original studies, indicating the purpose, sample, design/level of evidence, findings, and limitations of each (CO 3); and
3. Summarize the findings of the four studies as a whole (CO 3).

Preparing the Table
Conduct a PICO(T) search on the nursing problem that you identified in Week 2, Discussion questions or a nursing problem related to your practice setting. Select the four most recent peer-reviewed studies that describe original research in a single study (do not select a meta-analysis, systematic review of research, or integrative literature review). Refer to the Types of Articles Found in the Nursing and Healthcare document in Doc Sharing to make sure that you are using the correct document.

Construct a table summarizing the four most credible and recent studies, using the Research Summary template on the next page (also found in Doc Sharing). Analyze each article and provide the following information in brief format: purpose of the study; type of sample and number of participants; design of the study, along with the level of evidence; findings of the study; and limitations of the study.

Briefly (4-6 pages) summarize the results of the four studies as a whole. Follow this outline:

I. In a short paragraph, restate your research question and describe your search strategy. (10 points)
II. Describe the designs used in the studies that you are providing. Where do these studies fall on the Levels of Evidence table in Lessons 1 & 2? (20 points)
III. Based on these studies, what are the findings? What is the answer to the research question? Do the studies fail to answer the question, and if so, why not? (10 points)
IV. Comment on how the sample was selected and on the number of participants. Are they adequate? Why or why not? (10 points)
V. Overall, what are the limitations of the study, and how can these limitations be overcome in subsequent studies? (10 points)
VI. Based on these findings, is the evidence that you found on your topic strong enough to suggest a change in practice or an idea for practice? Please provide a rationale for your answer. (10 points)

Provide your references, formatted in APA style, after the summary. Include the DOI number for each article. Submit a pdf of each article you have chosen for this assignment.
Research Summary Table (template provided in separate document)
Student Name: ___________________
Author (year) Purpose Sample/Number of Participants (provide descriptive statistics) Design Level of Evidence Findings (provide any inferential statistics) Limitations
Study 1
Study 2
Study 3
Study 4

Instructions for setting up your paper in APA 6th ed format.
Look at the example document for this assignment. Start your paper as you would other APA 6th ed format professional papers. Copy and paste the table into your APA paper. This should allow your paper to remain in a vertical format. Your paper should be one document.
Category Points % Description
Selection of Articles 10 6.06 Selects appropriate, single studies from professional, peer-reviewed literature.

Analysis of Purposes of Studies 10 6.06 Analysis of the purposes of the studies is clear.

Analysis of Study Samples 10 6.06 Analysis of the samples used in the studies is clear.

Analysis of Research Designs 10 6.06 Analysis of the research designs used in the studies is clear.
Describes the Level of Evidence 10 6.06 Describes the level of evidence for each study clearly.
Analysis of Findings 10 6.06 Analysis of the findings of the studies is clear.

Analysis of Limitations 10 6.06 Analysis of the limitations of the studies is clear.
Summary of Articles
(See rubric for categories and breakdown of points.) 70 42.42 Summary of all aspects of the studies is clear and comprehensive. Rationale for decisions related to use of study findings is clear.

Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling 10 6.06 Grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are consistent with rules for formal written work.
APA Formatting 10 6.06 APA formatting is correct
Submits pdf of each study chosen 5 3.03 Submits a pdf of each study chosen for this assignment. Place the pdf of each article into the dropbox before submitting the actual paper.
Total 165 100 A quality paper will meet or exceed all of the above requirements.

GRADING RUBRIC
Assignment Criteria Exceptional
(100%)
Outstanding or highest level of performance Exceeds
(88%)
Very good or high level of performance Meets
(80%)
Competent or satisfactory level of performance Needs Improvement
(38%)
Poor or failing level of performance Developing
(0)
Unsatisfactory level of performance
Content Possible Points = 140 Points

Selection of articles
*** Make sure that you do not select a meta-analysis, systematic review of research, or integrative literature review. Usually, these use secondary data analysis and therefore sampling questions may not be correctly answered).

10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Selects four appropriate, single quantitative studies from professional, peer-reviewed literature.
Three of the articles selected are appropriate, single quantitative studies from professional, peer-reviewed literature. Two of the articles selected are appropriate, single quantitative studies from professional, peer-reviewed literature.

One of the articles selected is an appropriate, single quantitative study from professional, peer-reviewed literature. None of the articles are appropriate.

Analysis of the purposes of the studies in the table
10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Analysis of the purposes of the four studies is clear.
Analysis of the purposes of at least three of the studies is clear. Analysis of the purposes of at least two of the studies is clear. Analysis of the purpose of one of the studies is clear. There is no analysis of any studies.
Analysis of the study samples in the table.
**The number of samples (N) and type of sampling used ( for example random, convenience, snowball) must be indicated.
10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Analysis of the samples used in the four studies is clear.
Analysis of the samples of at least three of the studies is clear. Analysis of the samples of at least two of the studies is clear.

Analysis of the samples of one of the studies is clear . There is no analysis of any sample.
Analysis of research designs in the table and summary as well as level of evidence.
*** (for example, RCT?, case-control, quasi-experimental, etc.) 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Analysis of the research designs used in the four studies is clear & describes the level of evidence for all 4 articles.
Analysis of the research designs of at least three of the studies is clear &/or describes level of evidence for 3 articles. Analysis of the research designs of at least two of the studies is clear &/or describes level of evidence for 2 articles.
Analysis of the research designs of one of the studies is clear. There is not analysis of any research design. No levels of evidence present.
Describes the level of evidence.
*** Please use the Pyramid Hierarchy Level of Evidence, Figure 5.2 in the textbook
10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points

Describes the level of evidence for all 4 articles.
Describes the level of evidence for 3 articles. Describes the level of evidence for 2 articles.
Describes the level of evidence for 1 article. No articles
Analysis of findings in the table 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Analysis of the findings of the four studies is clear.
Analysis of the findings of at least three of the studies is clear. Analysis of the findings of at least two of the studies is clear. Analysis of the findings of one of the studies is clear. There is not analysis of findings from any study.
Analysis of limitations in the table
10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Analysis of the limitations of the four studies is clear. Analysis of the limitations of at least three of the studies is clear. Analysis of the limitations of at least two of the studies is clear. Analysis of the limitations of one of the studies is clear. There is no analysis of limitations.
Summary:
[1] ***Please follow your responses from the grid above as you answer this summary.
[2] *** Please address each section in the Summary

Restatement of the research question and describes the search strategy used 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 7 Points 0 Points
Fully describes the research question and search strategy used.
Partially describes the research question and search strategy. used.

Weakly describes the research question and search strategy used.
Barely describes the research question and search strategy used or omits altogether. A summary is missing.
Analysis of the designs used in the studies as well as where they fall on the levels-of-evidence table
*** (for example, RCT?, case-control, quasi-experimental, etc.)
***level of evidence : I-VI 20 Points 18 Points 16 Points 8 Points 0 Points
Fully analyzes the designs and level of evidence for each of the four studies.
Partially analyzes the designs and level of evidence for each of the four studies.
Weakly analyzes the designs and level of evidence for each of the four studies.
Barely analyzes the designs and level of evidence for each of the four studies. No analysis of study design is provided.

Analysis of the findings of the study and how well the research answers the research question 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Fully analyzes the findings and ability to answer the research question.
Partially analyzes the findings and ability to answer the research question.
Weakly analyzes the findings and ability to answer the research question.
Barely analyzes the findings and ability to answer the research question. There is no analysis of answering the research question.

Analysis of the type of samples used, including adequacy of numbers of participants.
**The number of samples (N) and type of sampling used
( for example random, convenience, snowball) must be indicated.
10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Fully analyzes the type of samples used, including adequacy of numbers of participants.
Partially analyzes the type of samples used, including adequacy of numbers of participants.

Weakly analyzes the type of samples used, including adequacy of numbers of participants.
Barely analyzes the type of samples used, including adequacy of numbers of participants. No analysis of sample types.
Analysis of the limitations of the studies and how they could be overcome in future studies 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Fully analyzes the limitations of the studies and how they could be overcome in future studies.
Partially analyzes the limitations of the studies and how they could be overcome in future studies.
Weakly analyzes the limitations of the studies and how they could be overcome in future studies.
Barely analyzes the limitations of the studies and how they could be overcome in future studies. There is no analysis of how to overcome limitations.

Recommendation of whether a change in practice is warranted. 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Fully recommends whether a change in practice is warranted.
Partially recommends whether a change in practice is warranted.
Weakly recommends whether a change in practice is warranted.
Barely recommends whether a change in practice is warranted. There are no recommendations.

Content Subtotal______/140 points
Format Possible Points = 25 Points
Grammar, punctuation, and spelling 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 0 Points
No errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling. 1-2 errors 3-4 errors
5 errors 6 or more errors
APA formatting 10 Points 9 Points 8 Points 4 Points 0 Points
APA formatting is correct with 0 errors
1-2 errors 2-4 errors
5 errors 6 or more errors
Submission of pdf of each study chosen 5 Points 4 Points 3 Points 4 Points 0 Points
Submission of 4 articles in pdf format Submission of 3 articles in pdf format Submission of 2 articles in pdf format Submission of 1 article in pdf format No articles in pdf format
Format Subtotal____/25 points
Total Points_____/165 points


 

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