Develop an understanding for the differing theoretical approaches to understanding HIV/AIDS that come from differing disciplines.

even though HIV/AIDS does not have a vaccine or a cure, it is almost entirely preventable. For many people, however, reducing the risk for HIV infection and AIDS requires important changes in lifestyle and behavior. We must use our knowledge of human behavior to help people make lifestyle changes and prevent disease’
Satcher 1994: 4 (in Farmer, 1996: 172)
‘The “health belief model” seems intuitive and obvious: if people know how HIV is transmitted (and stop being “in denial” about it)- the rhetoric goes- the transmission of HIV will diminish. Sounds credible enough. But this logic ignores most of the available data we now have on AIDS prevention initiatives’
Sanjay Basu, 08/02/2003
One of the major debates in academic work on HIV/AIDS lies between the suggested approaches for addressing the problem. Should this be a behavioral approach that focuses upon the individual actions of high-risk groups or should the continued spread of the virus be linked to broader social, economic and political forces operating from the local to the global?
The quotations above exemplify these different approaches. This week we would like you to critically read two examples of contemporary research on HIV/AIDS with this debate in mind. The purpose of this assignment is to:
1) Locate academic articles using the university academic journal searching system.
2) Review the arguments, theoretical frameworks, and conclusions of two academic articles. Then, use your analytical skills to compare and contrast them.
3) Develop an understanding for the differing theoretical approaches to understanding HIV/AIDS that come from differing disciplines.
4) Acknowledge how these different methods and different conceptualizations of how disease is spread affect the type of work produced and ultimately the form of policy initiatives produced.
5) Practice written communication.

Step one: Locating the articles
Faria, C.(2008) ‘Privileging prevention, gendering responsibility: an analysis of the Ghanaian campaign against HIV/AIDS’, Social & Cultural Geography, 9: 1, 41 — 73.
Mill, J. and Anarfi, J. (2002) HIV Risk environment for Ghanaian Women: Challenges to Prevention in Social Science and Medicine. Vol. 54 pp 325-337
First go the university library web page at
Click on ‘e-journals’
Click on ‘S’ or search for ‘Social Science and Medicine’ by writing this in the text box.
Locate the journal and article and print. Note: To print the full text from off campus, login with your
UW login and password in the upper right of the e-journal page.
Step two: Analyzing the articles
We would like you to compare and contrast the articles, discussing aspects that are of interest to you and focusing on the similarities and differences between the papers. Your analysis might include the following key areas.
A short paragraph introducing each of the articles, the background disciplines and ways of thinking for the each of the authors, and the journal and dates of publication.
A short paragraph including the basic outline of each of the studies and the conclusions of their work.
The third section should be less descriptive and more critical- it may include comments on the following. You do not need to include all or any of these- they are simply here to guide you. You can think and talk about any similarities and differences in the texts.
• From which disciplines are the authors writing? (which departments are they working in)? How might this affect the approach they take?
• Both articles discuss women and HIV. Compare and contrast the methodological differences that inform perceptions of women. How does perception affect or shape health interventions?
• Is gender and unequal gender relations incorporated in each analysis? If so, how?
• How are women conceptualized in each analysis? (As Victims? As Vectors of disease? As Vulnerable? As Empowered? As Passive?)
• Are risk factors assumed to be based on individual actions rooted in personal psychology and sexual behavior, social circumstances, the political or economic context, cultural factors? A combination? Are any factors left out? Is this problematic or does it create any shortcomings in the argument?
• What new insights did each of the articles give you? How was each useful to you?
Conclude by reinstating the main argument of your paper – talking about what you liked about each of the pieces and what you found interesting or what you found problematic? What policies for addressing the problem does each article suggest?
While you may focus on all of these issues, often focusing on the few points you find most interesting can produce a more thorough analysis than attempts to analyze and synthesize everything.

The analysis should be around 3 pages long, 12 fonts, double-spaced.
You should use citations from the articles whenever referencing or paraphrasing their arguments or thoughts. You should include the page number when quoting directly from the text.
Paraphrasing example:
Author [x] argues that we should consider [y] way of thinking (author name, date of publication).
Direct Quote example:
In his discussion of HIV/AIDS in Ghana, author [x] argues that “international politics is an influencing factor” (author name, date of publication, page number).
You should include a bibliography at the end of your essay.
Lastly, please print your paper double-sided so as to prevent unneces



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