Discuss, using ideas from the general model of stress, the causes (sources) of stress and thus
how stress can be managed in the work place. In your response you must make reference to how the various
causes of stress can be categorised.
Leading and Managing in Organisations
There are four parts to the complete portfolio. The portfolio is about how people are managed and how they
lead. It also gives you an opportunity to understand yourself, and so helps you understand how you should
Each Portfolio Assignment should be viewed from an academic perspective. You should consider each part of
the assessment not from an intuitive, that is a personal viewpoint, but by explaining, and referring to, the
theory you have met during the course of formal lectures and your personal reading of the literature
recommended. Above all it is what the literature tells you about effective personal or people management
practices that you should report on. In essence, make sure that you use appropriate theory supported by full
academic references. If you do not follow this advice you will either achieve a poor result or fail the
The portfolio is split into for parts called Assignments. Portfolio Assignment 1 is about how people manage
themselves and interact with others; Portfolio Assignment 2 is about how people are led and how theory can
help us understand the leadership process; Portfolio Assignment 3 is about the factors which influence upon
how people are led, the personal values of people (leaders) and how organisational culture can, and does,
affect leadership; Portfolio Assignment 4 concerns approaches to the management of change.
As well as the core text: Whetten, D.A. and Cameron, K.S. (2011, 8th Edn.), Developing Management Skills.
Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, supported by Mullins, L.J. (2010, 9th edn.) Management and
Organisational Behaviour. Harlow: Pearson Education and also Senior, B. and Swailes, S. (2010, 3rd edn.)
Organizational Change. Harlow: Financial Times Prentice Hall. ( both available as an ‘e’ book via the
Learning and Information Centre’s electronic database) you may wish to refer to the following texts for
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