Evidence Based Practice and Nursing
Evidence based practice (EBP) was introduced in the early 1800s by Florence Nightingale. According to Fineout et al, ( 2010) is a problem solving approach or method used for purposes of delivering health care that incorporate the best evidence from carefully done research as well as from the patient care data with patient values and preferences and most importantly clinician expertise. It has been argued that better patient’s outcomes as well as clinical decision can be achieved through a health care that is evidence based which is carried out in a caring context. Acquiring skills and knowledge in the Evidence Based Practice process present nurses and clinicians the necessary tools for purposes of transforming the health care system as well help them take control of their practices. The best practice culture is based on the following key elements which include: partnership between clinical settings and academic, Evidence Based Practice mentors, Evidence Based Practice champions, support from the administration, resources and time, and clearly written research.
The main objectives and purpose of the Evidence Based Practice (EBP) is to replace the normal practice in the health care system, with a practice that is informed by research that is rigorous outcome oriented. Evidence Based Practice also seeks to ensure that there is accountability in the health care system as well as transform the practice into an enterprise that is less subjective. As Baumann , (2010) rightly puts it, Evidence Based Practice as it is enables individuals to identify best practices not only in the field of nursing but also in other professions.
In nursing, Evidence Based Practice aims at advancing the quality of care that nurses provide, increase patients satisfaction, to provide a nursing care that is most cost efficient and high quality, and finally to replace the usual or traditional nursing practice with practice that is research and evidence oriented (Barker, 2009).
Indeed, Evidence Based Practice in nursing is the best problem solving method as well as a viable avenue for making critical clinical decisions. It also enables nurses as well as clinicians to obtain the best clinical evidence, judgment, proficiency skills, and quality clinical care for patients, and deeper clinical knowledge.
Barker, J. (2009). Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses. London: SAGE publishers.
Baumann, S. (2010).The limitations of evidenced-based practice. Nurs Sci Q. 23(3) 226-30.
Fineout, E et al.(2010). Evidence-based practice step by step: Critical appraisal of the evidence: part I. Am J Nurs. 10(7) 47-52.
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